The involvement between electron transfer (ET) and catalytic reaction at electrocatalyst surface makes electrochemical process challenging to understand and control. How to experimentally determine ET process occurring at nanoscale is important to understand the overall electrochemical reaction process at active sites.
Recently, a research group led by Prof. LI Can and Prof. FAN Fengtao from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) captured the electron transfer imaging in electrocatalysis process.
This study was published in Nano Letters on Oct. 14.
Electron transfer current followed the trend: corner> edge> basal plane, driven by the interfacial inner potential differences (Imaged by NIE Wei and FAN Fengtao)
The researchers established an in-situ electrochemical imaging method with nanoscale spatial resolution, which combined atomic force microscopy and scanning electrochemical imaging. This method can realize the three-dimensional movement of the scanning nanoprobe to map the local distribution of the generated outer-spherical electron transfer molecules and the catalytic product molecules.
The visual electron transfer images on metal nanoplates directly demonstrated that the electron transfer process at nanoscale presented a site-dependent heterogeneity.
Moreover, to decouple the interference of the mass transfer effect on the electron transfer, the researchers conducted a series of elaborate experiments and complex mathematical modeling to extract the rate constant and internal potential difference. They found that the relationship between the interfacial inner potential difference and the rate constant followed a linear fashion.
This work realizes the in-situ observation of electron transfer process and catalytic reaction in the electrochemical reaction, and provides new ideas for the development of in-situ imaging characterization method and the detection of the mechanism of the electrocatalytic reactions.
"This is a new milestone of the scanning electrochemical probe techniques, making it possible to discover the structure-performance relation of nanocatalyst from the bottom of physical and chemical principles," commented by one of the reviewers. (Text by NIE Wei and FAN Fengtao)