A critical review on C-S bond activation and transformations has recently been published in the Chemical Society Reviews (SCI Impact Factor 28.76) by the DICP research team of Prof. Zhengkun Yu from the Laboratory of Organometallic Catalysis and Synthesis, DICP (http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlepdf/2013/cs/c2cs35323g?page=search).
C-S bond activation, cleavage and transformation by means of transition metal compounds have recently become more and more important in petroleum processing and synthetic chemistry. Transition-metal mediated reactions with organosulfur compounds such as thiophene, benzo- and dibenzothiophene derivatives may provide promising catalytic routes for deep hydrodesulfurization (HDS) of petroleum feedstocks and offer potentially useful synthetic protocols for cross-coupling and biomimetic organic synthesis. This critical review summarized the recent advances in C-S bond cleavage via insertion of transition metals into the C-S bonds of these problematic organosulfur compounds, and the transition-metals could mediate C-S bond transformations via C-S activation through cross-coupling of thioesters, ketene dithioacetals, sulfonyl chlorides, and other diverse organosulfur compounds. Recent achievements in this area from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics were highlighted in this review.