High pressure, as an extreme condition, can effectively change the interaction between atoms inside the material, forcing the electronic structure and optical properties of the material to change.
Studying the optical and ultrafast dynamical properties of materials under pressure is helpful to understand the relationship between the structure and properties of materials.
Recently, Prof. YUAN Kaijun's group from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) revealed the luminescence mechanism of Cs2NaBiCl6 crystal under high pressure by using a home-made comprehensive steady-state and transient spectral characterization system.
This study was published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters on July 28.
The researchers found that the non-luminous cubic phase Cs2NaBiCl6 transforms into tetragonal phase at high pressure, which resulted in the distortion of [BiCl6]3- octahedron and produced dual-color emission self-trapped exciton fluorescence.
By analyzing the results of in situ high-pressure experiments and the density functional theory, they revealed that the dual-color emission was attributed to singlet self-trapped excitons (STEs) and triplet STEs, respectively.
Moreover, they observed the transformation of dark and bright excitons in Cs2NaBiCl6 crystal by femtosecond transient absorption experiments at different pressures.
"This work provides a deep understanding about the relationship between the self-trapped exciton emission and the crystal structure under pressure. It may offer a guidance for designing and preparing new lead-free double perovskites," said Prof. YUAN.
This work was supported by the Chemical Dynamics Research Center, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Key Technology Team of the CAS, and Liaoning Revitalization Talents Program. (Text by JIANG Jutao and SUI Laizhi)