Perovskite film, a key layer of the perovskite solar cell (PSC), determines the performance and stability of the device.
In the preparation process of PSCs, many defects will inevitably be introduced at the grain boundaries and interfaces, which will act as non-radiative recombination centers and seriously damage the performance and stability of PSCs.
Recently, a research group led by Prof. LIU Shengzhong from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and his cooperators incorporated fluoroethylamine (FEA) cations into the perovskite film to form highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells (PSCs).
This study was published in Advanced Energy Materials on June 23.
The researchers found that perovskite film with FEA passivation improved photoluminescence (PL) intensity, prolonged carrier-lifetime, suppressed nonradiative recombination, enlarged grain size and hydrophobicity, and hence delivered high device performances.
By engineering of different amounts of fluorine in the molecule, they revealed that different amounts of fluorine additives presented a gradient distribution in the film. The device employing 2-fluoroethylamine (1FEA) achieved an efficiency of 23.40%, while the device employing 2, 2, 2-trifluoroethylamine (3FEA) showed the best environmental stability, maintaining 87% of their initial efficiencies after 1200 h.
"This research paves a new way to fabricate high-efficiency and stabile PSCs," said Prof. LIU.
The above work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the National Key Research and Development Program of China, the DNL Cooperation Fund CAS, the 111 Project, and the Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team. (Text by SU Hang and DUAN Lianjie)