Recently, a research group led by Prof. WU Kaifeng from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) found that endothermic charge-transfer-mediated triplet energy transfer (TET) is a new mechanism featuring shallow distance-dependence.
This study was published in Nature Communications on March 9.
Shallow distance-dependent triplet energy migration from core/shell quantum dots to surface-anchored molecules mediated by endothermic charge-transfer (Image by LAI Runchen)
The researchers investigated TET from colloidal CdSe quantum dots (QDs), featuring systematically varied ZnS shell thicknesses, to surface-anchored anthracene molecules.
Time-resolved spectroscopy measurements showed no evidence for anthracene cation and/or anion formation, excluding exothermic charge transfer (CT)-mediated triplet migration.
The TET rate decreased with increasing ZnS shell thickness, with rate attenuation clearly following the trend of hole probability density on QD surfaces rather than the product of electron and hole probability densities. This observation evidenced an endothermic hole-transfer-mediated mechanism.
Temperature dependence of the transfer rate further confirmed the endothermic hole transfer process. The shallow distance dependence of endothermic CT-mediated TET enabled efficient triplet migration over donor-acceptor separation beyond Dexter or super-exchange paradigms.
The above work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Ministry of Science and Technology of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. (Text by LAI Runchen)